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A List Of Women Who Have Won Scientific Nobels Throughout History

Did you know that a woman is a part of the team that discovered the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)?

US scientist Frances Arnold became the fifth women to win a chemistry Nobel on Wednesday, the day after Canada’s Donna Strickland became just the third woman — and first in 55 years — to clinch the physics award.

Twelve women have won the medicine Nobel, meaning there have been 19 female winners (Marie Curie received two separate prizes) out of more than 600 laureates across the three scientific categories.

– Physics –

1903 – Marie Curie- Discovered radium and polonium.

1963 – Maria Goeppert-Mayer

2018 – Donna Strickland- Nuclear shell model and High-intensity laser pulses.

– Chemistry –

1911 – Marie Curie- Discovered radium and polonium.

1935 – Irene Joliot-Curie- Induced radioactivity

1964 – Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin- “Advanced the technique of X-ray crystallography, a method used to determine the three-dimensional structures of crystals such as cholesterol, penicillin and vitamin B12”

2009 – Ada Yonath- ‎Cryo bio-crystallography

2018 – Frances Arnold- Directed evolution to create enzymes

Arnold Frances. Photo startmag

– Medicine –

1947 – Gerty Cori – “Discovery of the course of the catalytic conversion of glycogen”

1977 – Rosalyn Yalow- “Development of radioimmunoassays of peptide hormones”

1983 – Barbara McClintock- “Discovery of mobile genetic elements”

1986 – Rita Levi-Montalcini- “Discovery of growth factors”

1988 – Gertrude Elion- “Discovery of important principles for drug treatment”

1995 – Christiane Nuesslein-Volhard- “Discovery concerning the genetic control of early embryonic development”

Francoise Barre-Sinoussi. Photo The Independent

2004 – Pearl Buck- “Her rich and truly epic descriptions of peasant life in China and for her biographical masterpieces””

2008 – Francoise Barre-Sinoussi- “Discovery of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)”

2009 – Elizabeth Blackburn- “Discovery of how chromosomes are protected by telomeres and the enzyme telomerase”

2009 – Carol Greider- “Discovery of how chromosomes are protected by telomeres and the enzyme telomerase

2014 – May-Britt Moser- “Discovery of cells that constitute a positioning system in the brain”

2015 – Youyou Tu- “Discovery concerning a novel therapy against Malaria”

**AFP

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